Remote Memory - Remote memory is no less clear than recent memory. Prospective Memory -Studies show that adults do better on event-based versus time-based prospective memory problems. Language Processing -Language comprehension barely changes in this time of life, and age-related losses occur in 2 aspects of language production: Problem Solving -Traditional problem solving declines in late adulthood.
Study of Death and Dying Physical Development: Decades of exposure and use take their toll on the body as wrinkles develop, organs no longer function as efficiently as they once did, and lung and heart capacities decrease.
Other changes include decreases in strength, coordination, reaction time, sensation sight, hearing, taste, smell, touchand fine motor skills. Still, none of these changes is usually so dramatic that the middle adult cannot compensate by wearing glasses to read, taking greater care when engaging in complex motor tasks, driving more carefully, or slowing down at the gym.
The biopsychosocial changes that accompany midlife—specifically, menopause the cessation of menstruation in women and the male climacteric male menopause in men—appear to be major turning points in terms of the decline that eventually typifies older adulthood. None of the biological declines of middle and late adulthood needs to be an obstacle to enjoying all aspects of life, including sex.
For example, too often society has erroneously determined that menopause inevitably means the end of female sexuality. For these same reasons, women who have undergone a hysterectomy, or surgical removal of the uterus, frequently report improved sexual response.
Men also experience biological changes as they age, although none is as distinct and pronounced as female menopause. Testosterone production lessens, which creates physical symptoms, such as weakness, poor appetite, and inability to focus on specific tasks for extended periods.
However, this reduction in testosterone does not fully explain the psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression that may accompany middle adulthood, indicating that the male climacteric probably has more to do with emotional rather than physical events. During middle age, men are faced with the realization that they are no longer 20 years old and that they are not going to accomplish all they wanted to in life.
They may also feel less sexually attractive and appealing, as they discover that seemingly overnight they have gained extra weight around the waist, are balding, and are feeling less energetic than they used to. Women, for instance, experience the American double standard of aging: Men who are graying are perceived as distinguished, mature, and sexy, while women who are graying are viewed as being over the hill or past their prime.
This double standard, coupled with actual physical changes and decline, does little to help middle adults avoid a midlife crisis.Adolescence Through Adulthood PSY/ For each of three developmental domains: physical, cognitive, and social/personality, identify two major changes or challenges associated with that developmental stage (adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood).
Physical Development in Late Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives. Use this chapter to explore how genetics, exercise and diet can influence our life span and find out what happens.
Let's look closer at three types of development commonly studied in psychology: cognitive, emotional, and social development.
Cognitive Development. The other day, Wes and his kids were drawing pictures in their backyard.
Wes pointed out two small sticks that were lying next to each other. 'Wow!' Wes said. Socioemotional selectivity theory-A social theory of aging that states that the decline in social interaction in late adulthood is due to physical and psychological changes, which lead elders to emphasize the emotion-regulating function of interaction.
Consequently, they prefer familiar partners with whom they have developed pleasurable. Physical Changes.
Late adulthood is the stage of life from the 60s onward; it constitutes the last stage of physical change. Average life expectancy in the United States is around 80 years; however, this varies greatly based on factors such as socioeconomic status, region, and access to medical care.
Development in Late Adulthood Erik Erikson suggests that at this time it is important to find meaning and satisfaction in life rather than to become bitter and disillusioned, that .