When the study of myths and religions intensified through the 19th century, patterns of them were extracted and compared, and theories on what they revealed about common human conditions emerged. Myths were increasingly seen as expressions of needs in the human psyche. As such, they were rewarding fields of study of human nature, especially since there was a quickly growing mass of documentation of myths from around the world, as well as a quickly increasing knowledge of religions and traditions among distant and obscure cultures.
It has been calculated that the largest heads weigh between 25 and 55 short tons 50 t. The heads were carved from single blocks or boulders of volcanic basalt, found in the Tuxtlas Mountains.
The Tres Zapotes heads, for example, were sculpted from basalt found at the summit of Cerro el Vigia, at the western end of the Tuxtlas. The San Lorenzo and La Venta heads, on the other hand, were likely carved from the basalt of Cerro Cintepec, on the southeastern side, perhaps at the nearby Llano del Jicaro workshop, and dragged or floated to their final destination dozens of miles away.
It has been estimated that moving a colossal head required the efforts of 1, people for three to four months.
It is known that some monuments, and at least two heads, were recycled or recarved, but it is not known whether this was simply due to the scarcity of stone or whether these actions had ritual or other connotations. It is also suspected that some mutilation had significance beyond mere destruction, but some scholars still do not rule out internal conflicts or, less likely, invasion as a factor.
Almost all of these colossal heads bear the same features, flattened nose, wide lips, and capping headpiece, possible features of the Olmec warrior-kings. These characteristics have caused some debate due to their apparent resemblance to African facial characteristics.
Based on this comparison, some have insisted that the Olmecs were Africans who had emigrated to the New World. However, claims of pre-Columbian contacts with Africa are rejected by the vast majority of archeologists and other Mesoamerican scholars. Explanations for the facial features of the colossal heads include the possibility that the heads were carved in this manner due to the shallow space allowed on the basalt boulders.
Others note that in addition to the broad noses and thick lips, the heads have the Asian eye-fold, and that all these characteristics can still be found in modern Mesoamerican Indians. In addition, the African origin hypothesis assumes that Olmec carving was intended to be realistic, an assumption that is hard to justify given the full corpus of representation in Olmec carving.
This head dates from to BCE and is 2. Monuments were also an important characteristic of Olmec centers.
Today they provide us with some idea of the nature of Olmec ideology. Colossal heads glorified the rulers while they were alive, and commemorated them as revered ancestors after their death. The inert were-jaguar baby held by the central figure is seen by some as an indication of child sacrifice.
In contrast, its sides show bas-reliefs of humans holding quite lively were-jaguar babies. Altars were actually the thrones of Olmec rulers.
The carving on the front of the throne shows the identified ruler sitting in a niche that symbolizes a cave entrance to the supernatural powers of the underworld. Some researchers, including artist and art historian Miguel Covarrubias, even postulate that the Olmecs formulated the forerunners of many of the later Mesoamerican deities.
Bloodletting and Sacrifice Although there is no explicit representation of Olmec bloodletting in the archaeological record, there is nonetheless a strong case that the Olmecs ritually practiced it.
Debunking 9/11 Conspiracy Theories and Controlled Demolition Myths - Iron Burns!!!n - Steven E. Jones. Egyptian chronology and the Bible—framing the issues Do the dates ascribed to the Egyptian dynasties falsify the date of biblical creation? by Gary Bates. Using choice creation myths, these theories are applied for analysis to explain the cultural function of the myth and myths in alphabetnyc.com particular 2 creation myths are summarized and then analyzed for this purpose. references are listed for expansion.A word version of the solution is .
Numerous natural and ceramic stingray spikes and maguey thorns, for example, have been found at Olmec sites, and certain artifacts have been identified as bloodletters.
The argument that the Olmecs instituted human sacrifice is significantly more speculative. No Olmec or Olmec-influenced sacrificial artifacts have yet been discovered and there is no Olmec or Olmec-influenced artwork that unambiguously shows sacrificial victims similar, for example, to the danzante figures of Monte Alban or scenes of human sacrifice such as can be seen in the famous ballcourt mural from El Tajin.
However, at the El Manati site, disarticulated skulls and femurs as well as complete skeletons of newborn or unborn children have been discovered amidst the other offerings, leading to speculation concerning infant sacrifice. It is not yet known, though, how the infants met their deaths.
Any definitive answer will need to await further findings. Religion and Mythology Monument 19, from La Venta, the earliest known representation of a feathered serpent in Mesoamerica.How is it possible to think new thoughts? What is creativity and can science explain it?
And just how did Coleridge dream up the creatures of The Ancient Mariner?
Archivos Con Un Solo Artículo - Single Files: Ancient Cities in the Gobi - Khara-Khorum & Erdene Zuu and Kara-Hot 'The Black & Dead City': Ancient Mound Builders - Who Were They - The Beginning Of The Great Coverup On The History Of Man: Antiguos Constructores de Montículos - Quienes Fueron - El Comienzo Del Gran Encubrimiento . Hart tries to cover the major points of Egyptian mythology in a fairly sophisticated way. For instance, he describes the sources for most of the myths or mythic episodes he discusses, rather than assembling disparate sources into a single story, as many of the simplest retellings of Egyptian myths do. utilized. Background information of each culture, a synopsis of each culture’s creation mythology, and my analysis of the major themes found within the creation mythology will come next. The comparative analysis will also be described along with the diversity found .
When The Creative Mind: Myths and Mechanisms was first published, Margaret A. Boden's bold and provocative exploration of creativity broke new ground. Boden uses examples . Debunking 9/11 Conspiracy Theories and Controlled Demolition Myths - Iron Burns!!!n - Steven E.
Theories of Story and Storytelling by Eric Miller, PhD January This piece of writing asks, and begins to answer, such questions as: What is a. The terms "creation theory," "evolution theory," "creations science," and "evolution science" are appropriate as long as it is clear that the use of such terms denote certain inferences about the history of origins which employ scientific data rather than referring to testable scientific theories.
Olmec Civilization. The first signs of complex society in Mesoamerica were the Olmecs an ancient Pre-Columbian civilization living in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, in what are roughly the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco.
Hart tries to cover the major points of Egyptian mythology in a fairly sophisticated way. For instance, he describes the sources for most of the myths or mythic episodes he discusses, rather than assembling disparate sources into a single story, as many of the simplest retellings of Egyptian myths do.